(click here for a pdf of this fact sheet with sources)
Republican presidential candidate Gov. Rick Perry’s statements about Social Security have been consistently false or misleading, and completely out of touch with the American people. At best, they reveal a dangerous ignorance about Social Security, a program that has provided essential economic security to America’s working families for the past 76 years. At worst, they telegraph the candidate’s willingness to disregard and distort the facts, and his deep hostility to Social Security. Governor Perry has said:
Below is an analysis of Perry’s recent statements about Social Security.
SOCIAL SECURITY IS A PONZI SCHEME
Perry: Social Security “is a Ponzi scheme for these young people.” (Iowa Caucus Event at The Vine Coffeehouse, August 27, 2011)
SOCIAL SECURITY WON’T BE THERE FOR TODAY’S YOUNG PEOPLE
Perry: “The idea that [young people] are working and paying into Social Security today, that the current program is going to be there for them, is a lie. It is a monstrous lie on this generation, and we can’t do that to them.” (Iowa Caucus Event at The Vine Coffeehouse, August 27, 2011)
The Truth: Social Security will be there for today’s young people—no matter what. It is there right now providing the only life insurance and disability insurance that most young workers and their families have. It will also be there if they are fortunate to reach old age. Like any program that projects its income and outgo three-quarters of a century into the future, Social Security can sometimes project distant shortfalls, but it can never go bankrupt. Its major source of income is from the contributions of workers and employers; as long as there are workers, Social Security will have income. The truth is that, even if Congress takes no action to close Social Security’s modest funding gap, the program will be able to pay all promised benefits through 2035 and more than three-quarters of promised benefits after that based on workers’ contributions. To guarantee full benefits after that we should require that people with wages of more than $106,800 a year pay Social Security taxes on all of their income—like the rest of us do who make less than that. Ensuring that the next generation will benefit from the promise of Social Security is all about choices. Which would you choose: tax cuts and tax loopholes for the wealthy, or financial security for everybody else?
PERRY SUPPORTS THE CREATION OF PRIVATE ACCOUNTS
Perry: "The best way to prevent Congress from stealing money from the Social Security trust fund is to allow young Americans to contribute a portion of their earnings to an account with their names on it..." (Perry's Cut, Balance, and Grow Plan)
Perry: "The fourth principle is to return to pre-1983 law and allow state and local governments to newly opt out of Social Security and instead allow their employees to pay solely into state or locally run [private] retirement programs. This has been done around the country, with better results. We ought to allow it again." (Cut, Balance and Grow Speech, October 25, 2011)
SOCIAL SECURITY IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL
Perry: Social Security was created “at the expense of respect for the constitution and limited government.” (Fed Up!, Rick Perry, November 2010)
The Truth: The Supreme Court ruled Social Security constitutional in 1937, and it has not been seriously contested since. In the Court’s 7-2 ruling, in the 1937 case Helvering v. Davis, Chief Justice Benjamin L. Cardozo wrote that Social Security is constitutional, because “Congress may spend money in aid of the ‘general welfare.’”
PERRY WOULD RAISE THE RETIREMENT AGE
Perry: We ought to work to raise the retirement age for younger workers - on a gradual basis - to reflect the longer life-span of today's Americans." (Cut, Balance, Grow Speech, October 25, 2011)
Perry: “We need to decide, are we gonna raise the age of eligibility? What’s the age gonna be that we’re gonna make the transformation from?” (Iowa Caucus Event at The Vine Coffeehouse, August 27, 2011)
The Truth: Not only do we not need to raise the retirement age, we should not. We can close Social Security’s projected long-term funding gap by removing the cap on wages taxed for Social Security.
Governor Perry does not seem to realize that raising the retirement age is bad policy. Raising Social Security’s full retirement age from 67 to 69 amounts to a 13 percent across-the-board benefit cut, no matter what age an eligible worker retires. This would be especially unfair to low-income workers and minorities, who are more likely to work in physically demanding jobs. Finally, raising the retirement age discriminates against the growing number of elderly unemployed, who have a much harder time finding new work after being laid off. Governor Perry is out of touch with the vast majority of Americans who oppose raising the retirement age.
PERRY WOULD CONSIDER MEANS TESTING SOCIAL SECURITY
Perry: “Means testing is one of those things that we oughta have a conversation about. Or you know, does Warren Buffet need to get Social Security? Maybe not.” (Iowa Caucus Event at The Vine Coffeehouse, August 27, 2011)
The Truth: Means testing may sound good, but unless it hits the middle class, it would not save the program much money. More than 90 percent of all benefits go to individuals who receive less than $50,000 a year from sources of income other than Social Security. Only 2 percent of benefits go to individuals with earnings over $100,000. Limiting or eliminating benefits for Warren Buffett, as Perry suggests—or any of the relatively small number of people with earnings over $100,000 for that matter—would do little to help the overall solvency of the program, but would greatly harm it.
Social Security is not welfare; it is earned. For the same reason that Warren Buffet is entitled to private life insurance, disability insurance, or an annuity he may have purchased, he is entitled to Social Security, whose benefits are modest but vitally important to all but the handful of millionaires and billionaires among us.
What means testing will do is greatly undermine public support for Social Security by changing it from a universal insurance system to a government welfare program. It would certainly make Social Security more vulnerable to politicians like Perry, who claim it is unconstitutional and recently called it an “injustice” that the poor do not pay higher taxes.
Means testing erodes the traditional American values that Perry claims to represent. It will punish hard work and thrift. If someone has too much in income and assets they would risk losing some or all of their Social Security benefits. Government policy should encourage accumulation of a nest egg, not discourage it.
Finally, means testing would greatly increase administrative costs and undermine the dignity of hard-working Americans. Social Security’s low administrative expenses—less than 1 percent of total benefits paid—would likely double if the program were means tested, since potential beneficiaries would likely have to produce bank account statements, value of assets, tax returns, gifts to children, etc., to show that they are below the government-approved level to receive benefits. Many would consider that distasteful and undermining of dignity since Social Security belongs to those who contribute to it; it is not a welfare program.
We agree with Gov. Perry that the country would benefit from a “good, thoughtful conversation” about Social Security. Unfortunately, he either lacks the basic understanding of Social Security needed to have such a conversation. Or, in his dislike of nearly all things “federal,” he simply lacks interest in having an honest conversation, based on facts.
Either way, we hope he will change his approach to Social Security. Its future is too important to the well-being of new generations of workers to be shaped by false or misleading arguments.
VIDEO - American Bridge Takedown of Perry
Los Angeles Times: Why Rick Perry is Wrong About Social Security
Huffington Post: Mitt Romney Campaign Sees Florida Advantage in Rick Perry's Social Security Comments